The publishing industry consists of a huge variety of different types of publications, including books, magazines, newspapers, sheet music and songbooks. These are published in both physical copies and digital formats. The primary objective of this publication is to provide information to policymakers by considering appropriate legislative responses to broad copying and communication with society.

This publication offers a general description of the collective management of copyright in the field of text and image. It gives an insight into the legislative framework and national operating systems in different parts of the world. The first edition of this study was released in 2005 under the title "Collective Management in Reproduction." Since then, a number of changes have taken place, both at the legislative level and in practical operations.

This study focuses on collective management. While rights in the publishing industry are in most cases exercised individually, collective management complements direct licensing in cases where individual licensing is impractical or impossible. The publication explains how Collecting Organizations can facilitate access to copyrighted works. Collective management of image-based projects in a stand-alone format is outside the scope of this publication.

There are three conditions for a well-functioning publishing market of text and image-based works:

– The legislative framework, based on international treaties, is the basic foundation.

– Eliminating unauthorized users through effective enforcement mechanisms is a necessity.

– Individual licensing and collective management of copyrights ensure reward for rights holders.

For more select here.